By Riyen T.

The media personalities propagate sensationalism in order to stage-manage the truth of stories and events occurring in the nation. The media exaggerates events or stories in the news. Most of these stories are baseless and irrelevant in comparison to the nation's expectation of them as journalism professionals. These stories cause fear, false hopes, and tension among listeners. Most of the stories are mere propaganda, whose main agenda is to tarnish institutions which do not support the views of the politicians (Ransohoff & Ransohoff, 2001). The media and the politicians are the major propagators of fake news which mislead the audience, create fear, and tarnish the reputation of the political opponents.

The above mentioned is frequently experienced during election periods, where some politicians will pay the media houses to destroy the reputation of their competitor, in a bid to make themselves more relevant. These fake news are spread using tools like the radio, televisions, films, billboards speeches among others. It is tough for the audience to be able to differentiate between the actual story and the manipulated one since the stories will be presented in a manner that is so convincing to the reader. It is vital for media sources to provide accurate information to users (Ransohoff & Ransohoff, 2001). Manipulation is very strong and every person is highly prone to it. Stories may be propagated by a country against another in regard to issues such as gender disparity, political division, religious background, race, and economic changes. Nations like the United States of America and Pakistan have experienced a conflicting relationship due to their religious differences. Pakistan is a Muslim nation, the United States media has praised the nuclear technology of France but has termed Pakistan's to be dangerous since Muslim is associated with terror (Fischer-Baum & Vitkovskaya, 2017). It has caused nations to fear Pakistan because it has been linked to Iran, Libya, and Iraq who are historical enemies of the United States.

The Washington Post released a statement that the Iranian prime minister was praising Pakistan's on how they make them feel honored because of being one of the Muslims nations to have the atomic technology (Fischer-Baum & Vitkovskaya, 2017). This created a connection between these two nations, which according to the American press it implies that both nations share values and beliefs. The media is mighty in the way that it controls the feelings and attitude of the people (Manzaria & Bruck, 1999).  Since Iran have a historically associated with bombing the US and other countries, its technology has been dimmed evil and dangerous-hence creating more hate since they have been branded terrorist nation and Pakistan is most likely to share its technology with them. The media houses have widely shared various instances of propaganda. The impact has been negative on the countries, and despite their prime minister several explanations about its intentions with the weapon and warning that people should not use color and religion to bring down a nation's technology, all these have fallen on deaf ears. The main aim of the United States media is to label Pakistan as an unstable, uncivilized and animalistic country which is not worth to produce nuclear weapons. It has made it difficult for Pakistan's to integrate with other nations due to the fear of being bombed.

The same American media that oppose Pakistan technology applaud similar technology by France. The argument is that they share similar religious sentiments and are not friends with their enemies like Pakistan. The media portrays the French to be more intelligent and will be able to administer their technology without effects or causing harm to other nations. The New York Times praises nuclear technology by acknowledging that it will strengthen the power of France in decision making when dealing with other nations (Gladstone, 2017). It creates a perception that the primary intention of France is peace and stability.

According to Besley & Nisbet (2013), controversial stories may benefit reporters since they are easy to comprehend and compose. They also increase the audience by attracting people from different backgrounds, but at the same time, it is dehumanizing to the victims of the circumstances. Therefore since the media can build or destroy the image of an individual or an institution, the audience of the propagated stories should be aware of the tactics being used by the press. Because accepting everything they write without differentiating facts from one's understanding creates a control advantage of your thoughts and beliefs.

It's also essential to be keen on what is transpiring stated since stereotyping is a crucial player for defamatory of peoples credibility. Just because someone shares different political, social, cultural and religious believes does not make them your enemy instead we should learn how diversity should increase our knowledge and skills. Like for the case of Pakistan and the United States different religious background, made the United States label them terrorists and enemies of progress instead of collaborating with them to improve their intelligence.

In overall, fear exists a state that has characterized many nations globally and perpetuated by the media. Real stories take time and may require a lot of factual information. People tend to settle for misconceptions, but in reality, the main way of avoiding propaganda and controversial stories is through awareness. It is practiced by responding to situations in a responsible manner, through this you can be able to recognize propaganda and control the way they position your ideas.



Besley, J. C., & Nisbet, M. (2013). How scientists view the public, the media, and the political process. Public Understanding of Science, 22(6), 644-659.

Manzaria, J., & Bruck, J. (1999). Media’s Use of Propaganda to Persuade People’s Attitude, Beliefs, and Behaviors.

Fischer-Baum, R. & Vitkovskaya, J. (2017). Analysis | How Trump is changing American foreign policy. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from

Ransohoff, D. F., & Ransohoff, R. M. (2001). Sensationalism in the media: when scientists and journalists may be complicit collaborators. Effective clinical practice: ECP, 4(4), 185.

Gladstone, P. B. (2017, September 20). Trump Pushes to Revisit Iran Nuclear Deal and Asks Allies to Help. Retrieved October 20, 2017, from



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